quitting smoking: mood, side effects, motivation
Tobacco causes strong psychological and physical dependence. It is believed to be responsible for 75,000 deaths in France. How do I succeed in having them? Details? Quickly ? What effects are you waiting for? How do you get there without getting fat? An effective tour method with Prof. Jean-Pol Tassin, director emeritus of investigation at Inserm.
Because of the many toxic substances, cigarettes and more specifically tobacco are generally responsible 7 million deaths each year the world, out of which more than 6 million people are smokers or former smokers. Approximately 890,000 non-smokers are exposed to passive smoking (WHO). In Gaulsmoking mortality was estimated 75,000 fatalities in 2015, or* 13% fatalities. According to the epidemiological bulletin of the French National Health Service published on 26 May 2020, smoking in France does not vary significantly across the entire population between 2018 and 2019, but compared with 2014 compared to 3.9 points and 4.5 points for smoking daily. This is the first time since the 2000s that a the deviation of this magnitude is noted.
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The reason is key to success cessation of smoking is also the beginning of a plan of action. Does a smoker want to quit smoking for economic or health reasons, and ask those around him whether he actually had enough?
- Understand the reasons that lead you to quit
- Quitting smoking should represent the true challenge that sets out here: to please my wife, husband, children, better health, spirit…
- Test your self-confidence, set certain goals, and try to meet them.
- Choose the best time to get started: Birthday, happy new school year… Children are the perfect little dictators that can help parent smoking.
- Regular physical activity is essential to help quit smoking.
Good to know: Bonfire days can’t be the ideal time to quit smoking because you want to return to work and there is a greater risk of being renovated.
A motivated smoker, weakly or moderately dependent, will prefer to take medications with their nicotine substitutions. An emotional sick smoker, who is highly dependent on nicotine, has turned to pharmacology as a treatment approach. On behalf of Professor Tassin “half of smokers quit without any treatment; which simply means that it is better to have stopped».
Nicotine replaced patches
Gums and tablets
The gums are like chewing nicotine gum. You have to suck them for a few minutes, then slowly chewing and taking breaks. By chewing them too quickly, water makes your mouth water and can cause you to gasp. When used correctly, the gums emit some slowly containing nicotine. They use it together with smoke. Therefore it is necessary to ensure that the supply of your gums is always sufficient, lest there be any danger. Usually 8 to 12 gums per day are used for the first few days and gradually decrease gradually. The tablet under the tongue is the same principle. The effect is felt after a few minutes, and the sting of smoke comes to an end.
Zyban: le bupropion
Bupropion LP (Zyban®) is similar to antidepressans as effective as nicotines substitutions, but requires special vigilance. The main result is an observation of the danger factors in seizures. Its efficacy has been demonstrated in chronic smokers motivated to stop smoking more than 15 cigarettes per day, over 18 years of age and/or beginning or moderate COPD. Warnings This medications should be adjusted with nicotine replacement and the duration of treatment rarely exceeds 7 to 9 weeks. It can be prescribed only on a medical prescription, but is not satisfied.
Champix : la varenicline
Varenicline (Champix®) can be offered as a second line treatment in the event of nicotine substitutes deficiency. You must submit a prescription. The recommended duration of treatment is 12 weeks. Over 3 months can be renewed smokers are very dependent on the risk of relapse. This treatment by the Health Service covers up to 65%.
Nothing seems effective smoking, sed only for some patients. A major danger of this method is for a smoker who has put all his hopes in it to rob. However, there is no benefit that can decrease appetite and promote relaxation.
In case of smoking cessation, take homeopathic treatments several times a day as a blend of remedies Tobago®, Caladium®, Nux vomica® or Plantago®. If some patients swear by homeopathy, others do not receive much treatment for this. There are several hundred homeopathic doctors in France, so don’t hesitate to consult your account.
Cognitive behavioral therapies (CBT)
Cognitive-behavioral therapies can help to maintain smoking cessation and prevent relapse by learning new ways to prevent relapse. Professor Tassino remains skeptical of this method: “I don’t think CBT is the best therapy to delay smoking while create a condition (or de-conditioning) that changes substantially. In fact, we tend to recommend substantive images that focused more on the emotions, even when smoking becomes an absolute necessity.“
Hospital plans on tobacco
They are asked to begin with smokers or serious smokers who have experienced multiple offences. You can make an appointment there directly without going to your doctor. It takes place either in groups or individually and usually lasts 40 minutes to 1 hour. The tobacco worker has time to better understand the reasons for the smoker. At the same time, it collects medical information (weight, height, blood pressure) and raises the degree of smoker dependence. The doctor provides both therapeutic medications and lifestyle advice (sleep, habits, diet, etc.). There are no established rules, all when a smoker is cut out, according to experience, according to his opinion, he is truly a tailor. On the side of what is happening; 50% of smokers who come to rest after 3 months for consultation. But there is no rule. It all depends on the motive and the degree of dependence.
The state of health of those who quit smoking someone who never after about 15 years. Stopping smoking can decrease
- allergic signs
- the intensity of asthma attack
- number of chronic bronchitis.
- Skin regains a more lively color with elasticity.
- The breath becomes more pleasant and less contagious.
20 minutes after the last cigarette, the heart rate returns to normal. After 24 hours the risk of myocardial infarction begins to decrease. Carbon monoxide has been eliminated and has not been detected in the body. Within two days there was no dose in the blood. After two weeks the flavor of the food returns and the skin color becomes smoother. 3 to 9 months after respiration improved.
One year after cardiovascular disease the risk is halved. After 5 years, the risk of vascular events is reduced by half. The risk of cancer of the mouth, esophagus and bladder is also decreased by 50 The heart attack is equal to those who do not smoke. After 10 years, the risk of lung cancer has nearly halved. The risk of stroke coincides with the risk levels of non-smokers. 15 years later, the risk of cardiovascular disease is equal to that of non-smokers.
Jean Pol Tassin, director emeritus of investigation at Inserm.