Quit Smoking (Smoking Cessation) | Patient

This leaf is why smoking is so harmful. He also lists the benefits of ending up and how he ends up helping.

Editor’s note

January 2018 – Dr Hayley Willacy reads recent UK research that shows the unexpected extent of cigarette smoking even one day is associated with a greater risk of heart disease or stroke – see further reading below. Researchers say their findings have great news for many smokers and health professionals who think smoking a few cigarettes carries little or no harm. They argue that smoking should be stopped altogether, rather than cutting down to significantly reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke. They found that people who smoke only one cigarette per day are only under half an extra risk of heart disease associated with smoking 20 cigarettes per day. They hoped the risk would be much lower.

Up to half of all smokers die from smoking-related diseases. About 100,000 people in the UK die each year due to smoking. Smoking deaths are mainly due to cancers, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD), heart diseases and strokes.

If you are a long-term smoker, on average, your life expectancy is almost 10 years lower than that of a non-smoker. Put another way, in the UK about 8 in 10 smokers live beyond the age of 70, but only about half the time smokers are 70. The younger you start smoking, the more you smoke. already piping hot and dying in the morning.

There are many smoking related deaths but not quick deaths. For example, if you can develop COPD, expect several years of illness and pain symptoms before you die.

Smoking increases the risk of developing multiple diseases (listed below). Many of these can not be fatal, but can cause symptoms of diseases and symptoms.

Good news

  • Stopping smoking can make a huge difference to your health. It’s never too late to stop smoking that will greatly benefit your health. For example, if you stop smoking during middle age, before having cancer or another serious illness, you will especially avoid the increased risk of death due to smoking.
  • A lot of people have given up smoking. In 1972 only under half of adults in the UK were smokers. By 1990 this had fallen to just under a third. At present, about one-sixth of UK adults are smokers.
  • Help is available if you want to stop smoking but find it difficult.


Nicotine is inhaled from tobacco in cigarettes. it gets into the stream and stimulates the brain. Nicotine is addictive.

If you are a regular smoker, when your blood nicotine level drops, you tend to develop symptoms of depletion such as:

  • Lust.
  • Anxiety.
  • Unrest
  • Headaches.
  • Anger
  • There was a famine.
  • Difficulty intently.
  • dizziness.
  • Constipation.
  • The desire to dose.
  • Just feeling awful.

These symptoms are encouraged by the next cigarette. This is the definition nicotine addiction.

Most regular smokers and nicotine addicts who smoke regularly feel “normal” and avoid signs of nicotine withdrawal.

Symptoms begin to recede within a few hours after the last cigarette. If the nearest cigarette is not relieved, the symptoms of withdrawal become worse. If you don’t smoke anymore, the symptoms withdraw after about 24 hours and gradually relieve peak after about 2-4 weeks.

About 2 in 3 smokers want to stop smoking, but without assistance, many do not succeed. The main reason why so few smokers succeed, even though they want to stop smoking, is because the nicotine addict is strong and hard to break. But many succeed with the help and use of nicotine replacement therapies (NRT), e-cigarettes, and smoking cessation medications.

Read about how to stop smoking.

Tar which contains many chemicals

They deposit these in the lungs and can enter the veins and can be transported to other parts of the body. Cigarette smoke contains over 4,000 chemicals, including over 50 known causes of cancer (carcinogen) and other poisons.

carbon monoxide

This chemical affects the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood. Especially in pregnant women who smoke, this causes a diminished amount of oxygen that leads to an increasing baby. This is thought to be the main cause of the bad effects of smoking on your baby.

  • Lung cancer. About 30,000 people in the UK die from lung cancer each year. More than 8 in 10 cases are reported directly to smoking.
  • COPD. About 25,000 people in the UK die from this severe lung disease each year. More than 8 in 10 of these deaths are directly associated with smoking. People who die from COPD tend to be very weak for the past several years.
  • heart disease. This disease is the biggest killer in the UK. Approximately 120,000 people in the UK die of heart disease every year. Of these, 1 in 6 comes from smoking.
  • plague. You are up to six times more likely to have a stroke if you smoke and smoking doubles your risk of dying if you have a stroke.
  • Other cancers – mouth, nose, throat, larynx, esophagus (esophagus), pancreas, bladder, cervix, vulva (neck), blood (leukemia) and kidney are all more common in smokers.
  • Circulation. Chemical properties in tobacco can damage blood vessels and affect the environment of fat (lipid) in the blood stream. This increases the risk of forming atheroma (sometimes hardening of the arteries). Atheroma is the main cause of heart disease, stroke, poor circulation in the legs (peripheral arterial disease) and swollen arteries, which can cause internal bleeding (aneurysms). All these atheroma-related diseases are most common in smokers.
  • Buerger’s Disease It causes inflammation of the veins, especially the hands and feet. It occurs mainly in smokers. It leads to tightening and blockage of blood vessels, causing pain. Finally, it can lead to the damage and death of the webs on the hands and/or feet.
  • Sexual issues. Men who smoke are more likely than non-smokers to resolve issues (impotence) or have difficulty sustaining an erection during the middle of life. This is thought to be due to smoking-related damage to the blood vessels in the penis.
  • Contraception. Women who smoke and are 35 or above can not use contraceptives, which contain oestrogenia, because the risks of stroke are higher. Their choice of contraception is reduced.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis. Smoking is known to be a risk factor for developing rheumatoid arthritis. One research study rated smoking in approximately 1 in 5 cases of rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Canus. Smokers tend to develop more lines on their face at an earlier age than non-smokers. This often makes smokers look older than they are.
  • fertility in retired smokers (male and female).
  • Menopause. On average, women who smoke have menopausa nearly two years earlier than non-smokers have.
  • Other conditions where smoking often causes worse symptoms. These include:
    • Asthma.
    • The cold.
    • Flu (influenza).
    • Chest infection.
    • Tuberculosis of the lung infection.
    • Prolonged nasal inflammation (Chronicle rhinitis).
    • Eye damage due to diabetes (retinopathy diabetica).
    • Thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism).
    • Disease of the brain and spinal cord (multiple sclerosis).
    • Inflammation of the optic nerve (optic nerve colitis).
    • An inflammation of the stomach (Crohn’s disease).
  • Smoking increases your risk of developing a variety of other conditions. These include:
    • Clemency
    • Optical Neuropathy – This is a condition affecting the eyeball.
    • The floodgates
    • Tissue breakdown in the back of the eye (stained degeneration).
    • Pulmonary fibrosis.
    • A skin condition called psoras.
    • Gum disease.
    • Tooth loss.
    • thinning of bones (osteoporosis).
    • Raynaud Phenomenon – Under this condition fingers are exposed to cold or blue dimming.

Smoking during pregnancy increases the risk

  • Abortion
  • Complications of pregnancy, including bleeding during pregnancy, elongation of the “second placenta”, premature delivery, and ectopic pregnancy.
  • A low birth weight. Infants born to women who smoke are on average 200 grams (8 oz) lighter than babies born to mothers who are not smoking. Premature and low-weight infants are more prone to serious illness and infections.
  • Congenital defects in baby – like cleft palate.
  • Abortion or death within the first week of life – the risk increases by about a third.
  • Poorer growth, development and safety of the child. On average, when compared to children born non-smoker, children born to smokers are younger, have lower levels in reading and maths, and have an increasing risk of increasing asthma.

See a separate leaflet called Pregnancy and Fitness for more.

Children, adults not smoking and children not smoking can all be affected.

Children who live in a family with a smoker are more likely to have various health issues than children who do not have. Do not even smoke in the hall or in the car while the child is present, so that it may be damaged by your smoke.

Learn more about smoking and others in a separate leaflet called Passive Smoking.

  • Your spirit, your clothes, your hair, your skin and your house is the smell of old tobacco. Pay no attention to the smell, if there is smoke; but the smell is obvious and unpleasant to non-smokers.
  • Your senses of taste and smell are dulled. The pleasure of eating can be reduced.
  • Everyone is attractive.
  • Even the average life of the bed.
  • Finding a job can be more difficult because employers know more smokers than non-smokers have unhealthy licenses. More than 3.4 million daily workers (1% of total) are lost each year due to smoking-related sick supplies.
  • Friendship and romance can be potentially dangerous.

There are great benefits to stop smoking and start as soon as you stop

  • Your life expectancy goes up.
  • Your health is better even if you already have a smoking condition.
  • you will begin to look younger.
  • I don’t smell old tobacco.
  • You will save your money.
  • You’ve done something to make you feel proud.

See the separate Stopping Certificate Benefits leaflet.

The hardest thing to do is you decide to get what you want to do. The majority of smokers want to stop. Some do it so easily, but for others it is a real struggle, as smoking is very addictive. How addicted are you?

There are lots of different things available to help you stop:

See a separate leaflet called How to Quit Each.

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